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MainWindow.cc 50.3 KB
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/*****************************************************************************/
/*  Copyright 2019 WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research  SLF-DAVOS  */
/*****************************************************************************/
/* This file is part of INIshell.
   INIshell is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
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   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
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   the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   INIshell is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
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   GNU General Public License for more details.
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   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with INIshell.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
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*/

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/*
 * The main window that is displayed on startup.
 * 2019-10
 */

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#include "MainWindow.h"
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#include "src/gui/AboutWindow.h"
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#include "src/gui_elements/Group.h" //to exclude Groups from panel search
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#include "src/main/colors.h"
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#include "src/main/common.h"
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#include "src/main/Error.h"
#include "src/main/dimensions.h"
#include "src/main/INIParser.h"
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#include "src/main/inishell.h"
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#include "src/main/settings.h"
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#include "src/main/XMLReader.h"
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#include <QApplication>
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#include <QCheckBox>
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#include <QDesktopServices>
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#include <QDir>
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#include <QFileDialog>
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#include <QFileInfo>
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#include <QGroupBox>
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#include <QMenuBar>
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#include <QMessageBox>
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#include <QRegularExpression>
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#include <QSpacerItem>
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#include <QStatusBar>
#include <QSysInfo>
#include <QToolBar>

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#include <QMovie>

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#ifdef DEBUG
	#include <iostream>
#endif
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/**
 * @class MouseEventFilter
 * @brief Mouse event listener for the main program window.
 * @param[in] object Object the event stems from.
 * @param[in] event The type of event.
 * @return True if the event was accepted.
 */
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bool MouseEventFilter::eventFilter(QObject *object, QEvent *event)
{
	if (event->type() == QEvent::MouseButtonPress) {
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		if (object->property("mouseclick") == "open_log") {
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			getMainWindow()->viewLogger();
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		} else if (object->property("mouseclick") == "open_ini") {
			if (!getMainWindow()->ini_filename_->text().isEmpty())
				QDesktopServices::openUrl("file:" + getMainWindow()->ini_filename_->text());
		}
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	}
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	return QObject::eventFilter(object, event); //pass to actual event of the object
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}

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/**
 * @class MainWindow
 * @brief Constructor for the main window.
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 * @param[in] settings_location Path to the INIshell settings file.
 * @param[in] errors List of errors that have occurred before starting the GUI.
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 * @param[in] parent Unused since the main window is kept in scope by the entry point function.
 */
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MainWindow::MainWindow(QString &settings_location, const QStringList &errors, QMainWindow *parent)
    : QMainWindow(parent), logger_(this), xml_settings_filename_(settings_location)
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{
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	/*
	 * Program flowchart sketch:
	 *
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	 *   Set application style and properties  <----- main.cc ----->  cmd line options,
	 *                  |                                             translations
	 *         Load INIshell settings  <----- main.cc ----->  store in global XML node
	 *                  |
	 *             Launch GUI  <----- MainWindow.cc's constructor
	 *                  |
	 *  User opens:     v
	 *      application or simulation                   INI file  <----- INIParser::read()
	 *      -------------------------                   --------
	 *                  |                      (Only possible if an application is loaded)
	 *                  |                                   |
	 *                  |    Find panels by matching their IDs to INIs key <--- set file values
	 *                  |                                   |
	 *                  |                                   v      (ready for user interaction)
	 *                  |                   ________________________________________
	 *                  |                   |INI file contents are displayed in GUI|
	 *                  v                   ----------------------------------------
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	 *   _________________________________
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	 *   |  Build GUI elements from XML  |  <----- Scan file system for application XMLs
	 *   ---------------------------------           (read and check: XMLParser class)
	 *                  |                                  ^
	 *         Find panels in XML  <----- inishell.cc      L WorkflowPanel::scanFoldersForApps()
	 *                  |
	 *              Build panels  <----- gui_elements.cc ----->  The panels' constructors
	 *                  |
	 *        Set panels' properties  <----- the panels' setOptions() member functions
	 *                  |
	 * Give panels IDs to interact with INI changes  <----- Atomic::setPrimaryWidget()
	 *                  |                                     ^
	 *                  V                                     |
	 *            _______________             (Base class for all panels, uniform access to
	 *            |GUI is built!|             styling, section/key; used to find all panels)
	 *            ---------------
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	 *                  |
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	 *                  v
	 *          Set INI values from:
	 *          --------------------
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	 *
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	 *         XML              INI  <----- INIParser class
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	 *   (default values)  (file system)                      VALIDATION
	 *          |                |                           (set styles)
	 *          |                |                                ^
	 *          v                v                               /
	 *    _____________________________________                 /
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	 *    |       Panel's onPropertySet       |  -----> CHECK VALUE
	 *    -------------------------------------           |
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	 *          ^                ^        (Property "no_ini" not set? Value not empty?)
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	 *          |                |                        |
	 *          |                |                        v    MainPanel::setIniValuesFromGui()
	 *         GUI              CODE                    OUTPUT            |
	 * (user interaction)  (reactive changes)        (on request)         |
	 *          ^                                         |               v
	 *          |           Run through panels by IDs (= INI keys) and fill INIParser
	 *   Detect changes                                   |
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	 *   (when closing)  <----- INIParser::operator==     v
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	 *                                               Output to file  <----- INIParser class
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	 */
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	status_timer_ = new QTimer(this); //for temporary status messages
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	status_timer_->setSingleShot(true);
	connect(status_timer_, &QTimer::timeout, this, &MainWindow::clearStatus);

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	logger_.logSystemInfo();
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	for (auto &err : errors) //errors from main.cc before the Logger existed
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		logger_.log(err, "error");
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	/* retrieve and set main window geometry */
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	dim::setDimensions(this, dim::MAIN_WINDOW);
	dim::setDimensions(&logger_, dim::LOGGER);
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	/* create basic GUI items */
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	this->setUnifiedTitleAndToolBarOnMac(true);
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	this->setWindowTitle(QCoreApplication::applicationName());
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	createMenu();
	createToolbar();
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	createStatusbar();
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	preview_ = new PreviewWindow(this);
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	/* create the dynamic GUI area */
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	control_panel_ = new MainPanel(this);
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	this->setCentralWidget(control_panel_);
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	ini_.setLogger(&logger_);
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	if (errors.isEmpty())
		setStatus(tr("Ready."), "info");
	else
		setStatus(tr("Errors occurred on startup"), "error");
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}
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/**
 * @brief Destructor for the main window.
 * @details This function is called after all safety checks have already been performed.
 */
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MainWindow::~MainWindow()
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{ //safety checks are performed in closeEvent()
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	setWindowSizeSettings(); //put the main window sizes into the settings XML
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	saveSettings();
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	delete mouse_events_toolbar_;
	delete mouse_events_statusbar_;
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}

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/**
 * @brief Build the dynamic GUI.
 * This function initiates the recursive GUI building with an XML document that was
 * parsed beforehand.
 * @param[in] xml XML to build the gui from.
 */
void MainWindow::buildGui(const QDomDocument &xml)
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{
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	setUpdatesEnabled(false); //disable painting until done
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	QDomNode root = xml.firstChild();
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	while (!root.isNull()) {
		if (root.isElement()) { //skip over comments
			//give no parent group - tabs will be created for top level:
			recursiveBuild(root, nullptr, QString());
			break;
		}
		root = root.nextSibling();
	}
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	setUpdatesEnabled(true);
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}

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/**
 * @brief Set the loaded panels' values from an INI file.
 * @param[in] ini The INI file in form of an INIParser (usually the main one).
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 * @return True if all INI keys are known to the loaded XML.
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 */
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bool MainWindow::setGuiFromIni(const INIParser &ini)
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{
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	bool all_ok = true;
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	bool first_error_message = true;
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	for (auto &sec : ini.getSectionsCopy()) { //run through sections in INI file
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		ScrollPanel *tab_scroll = getControlPanel()->getSectionScrollarea(sec.getName(),
		    QString(), QString(), true); //get the corresponding tab of our GUI
		if (tab_scroll != nullptr) { //section exists in GUI
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			const auto kv_list( sec.getKeyValueList() );
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			for (size_t ii = 0; ii < kv_list.size(); ++ii) {
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				//find the corresponding panel, and try to create it for dynamic panels
				//(e. g. Selector, Replicator):
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				QWidgetList widgets( findPanel(tab_scroll, sec, *sec[ii]) );
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				if (!widgets.isEmpty()) {
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					for (int jj = 0; jj < widgets.size(); ++jj) //multiple panels can share the same key
						widgets.at(jj)->setProperty("ini_value", sec[ii]->getValue());
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				} else {
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					writeGuiFromIniHeader(first_error_message, ini);
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					logger_.log(tr("%1 does not know INI key \"").arg(current_application_) +
					    sec.getName() + Cst::sep + sec[ii]->getKey() + "\"", "warning");
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					all_ok = false;
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				}
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			} //endfor kv
		} else { //section does not exist
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			writeGuiFromIniHeader(first_error_message, ini);
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			log(tr(R"(%1 does not know INI section "[%2]")").arg(
			    current_application_, sec.getName()), "warning");
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			all_ok = false;
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		} //endif section exists
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	} //endfor sec
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	return all_ok;
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}

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/**
 * @brief Retrieve all panels that handle a certain INI key.
 * @param[in] ini_key The INI key to find.
 * @return A list of all panels that handle the INI key.
 */
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QList<Atomic *> MainWindow::getPanelsForKey(const QString &ini_key)
{
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	QList<Atomic *> panel_list( control_panel_->findChildren<Atomic *>(Atomic::getQtKey(ini_key)) );
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	for (auto it = panel_list.begin(); it != panel_list.end(); ++it) {
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		//groups don't count towards finding INI keys (for this reason, they additionally
		//have the "no_ini" key set):
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		if (qobject_cast<Group *>(*it))
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			panel_list.erase(it);
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	}
	return panel_list;
}

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/**
 * @brief Save the current GUI to an INI file.
 * @details This function calls the underlying function that does this and displays a message if
 * the user has neglected to set some mandatory INI values.
 * @param[in] filename The file to save to. If not given, the current INI file will be used.
 */
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void MainWindow::saveIni(const QString &filename)
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{
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	/*
	 * We keep the original INIParser as-is, i. e. we always keep the INI file as it was loaded
	 * originally. This is solemnly to be able to check if anything has changed through user
	 * interaction, and if yes, warn before closing.
	 */
	INIParser gui_ini = ini_; //an INIParser is safe to copy around - this is a deep copy
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	const QString missing( control_panel_->setIniValuesFromGui(&gui_ini) );
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	if (!missing.isEmpty()) {
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		QMessageBox msgMissing;
		msgMissing.setWindowTitle("Warning ~ " + QCoreApplication::applicationName());
		msgMissing.setText(tr("<b>Missing mandatory INI values.</b>"));
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		msgMissing.setInformativeText(tr(
		    "Some non-optional INI keys are not set.\nSee details for a list or go back to the GUI and set all highlighted fields."));
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		msgMissing.setDetailedText(tr("Missing INI keys:\n") + missing);
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		msgMissing.setIcon(QMessageBox::Warning);
		msgMissing.setStandardButtons(QMessageBox::Save | QMessageBox::Cancel);
		msgMissing.setDefaultButton(QMessageBox::Cancel);
		int clicked = msgMissing.exec();
		if (clicked == QMessageBox::Cancel)
			return;
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	}
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	//if no file is specified we save to the currently open INI file (save vs. save as):
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	gui_ini.writeIni(filename.isEmpty()? gui_ini.getFilename() : filename);
}

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/**
 * @brief Save the currently set values to a new INI file.
 */
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void MainWindow::saveIniAs()
{
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	QString start_path( getSetting("auto::history::last_ini", "path") );
	if (start_path.isEmpty())
		start_path = getSetting("auto::history::last_preview_write", "path");
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	if (start_path.isEmpty())
		start_path = QDir::currentPath();

	const QString filename = QFileDialog::getSaveFileName(this, tr("Save INI file"),
	    start_path + "/" + ini_filename_->text(),
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	    "INI files (*.ini *.INI);;All files (*)", nullptr, QFileDialog::DontUseNativeDialog);
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	if (filename.isNull()) //cancelled
		return;
	saveIni(filename);
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	ini_.setFilename(filename); //the new file is the new current file like in all programs
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	ini_filename_->setText(filename);
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	autoload_->setVisible(true); //if started from an empty GUI, this could still be disabled
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	toolbar_save_ini_->setEnabled(true); //toolbar entry
	file_save_ini_->setEnabled(true); //menu entry
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	const QFileInfo finfo(filename);
	setSetting("auto::history::last_ini", "path", finfo.absoluteDir().path());
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}

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/**
 * @brief Select a path for an INI file to be opened, and then open it.
 */
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void MainWindow::openIni()
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{
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	QString start_path( getSetting("auto::history::last_ini", "path") );
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	if (start_path.isEmpty())
		start_path = QDir::currentPath();

	const QString path = QFileDialog::getOpenFileName(this, tr("Open INI file"), start_path,
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	    "INI files (*.ini);;All files (*)", nullptr,
	    QFileDialog::DontUseNativeDialog | QFileDialog::DontConfirmOverwrite);
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	if (path.isNull()) //cancelled
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		return;
	openIni(path);
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	const QFileInfo finfo(path);
	setSetting("auto::history::last_ini", "path", finfo.absoluteDir().path());
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}

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/**
 * @brief Open an INI file and set the GUI to it's values.
 * @param[in] path The INI file to open.
 * @param[in] is_autoopen Is the INI being loaded through the autoopen mechanism?
 */
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void MainWindow::openIni(const QString &path, const bool &is_autoopen, const bool &fresh)
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{
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	this->getControlPanel()->getWorkflowPanel()->setEnabled(false); //hint at INIshell processing...
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	setStatus(tr("Reading INI file..."), "info", true);
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	refreshStatus(); //necessary if heavy operations follow
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	if (fresh)
		clearGui();
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	const bool success = ini_.setFile(path); //load the file into the main INI parser
	if (!setGuiFromIni(ini_)) //set the GUI to the INI file's values
		setStatus(tr("INI file read with unknown keys"), "warning");
	else
		setStatus(tr("INI file read ") + (success? tr("successfully") : tr("with warnings")),
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		    (success? "info" : "warning")); //ill-formatted lines in INI file
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	toolbar_save_ini_->setEnabled(true);
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	file_save_ini_->setEnabled(true);
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	autoload_->setVisible(true);
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	ini_filename_->setText(path);
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	autoload_box_->setText(tr("autoload this INI for ") + current_application_);
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	if (!is_autoopen) //when a user clicks an INI file to open it we ask anew whether to autoopen
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		autoload_box_->setCheckState(Qt::Unchecked);
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	this->getControlPanel()->getWorkflowPanel()->setEnabled(true);
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	QApplication::alert( this ); //notify the user that the task is finished
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}

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/**
 * @brief Close the currently opened INI file.
 * @details This function checks whether the user has made changes to the INI file and if yes,
 * allows to save first, discard changes, or cancel the operation.
 * @return True if the INI file was closed, false if the user has cancelled.
 */
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bool MainWindow::closeIni()
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{
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	if (!help_loaded_ && //unless user currently has the help opened which we always allow to close
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	    getSetting("user::inireader::warn_unsaved_ini", "value") == "TRUE") {
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		/*
		 * We leave the original INIParser - the one that holds the values like they were
		 * originally read from an INI file - intact and make a copy of it. The currently
		 * set values from the GUI are loaded into the copy, and then the two are compared
		 * for changes. This way we don't display a "settings may be lost" warning if in
		 * fact nothing has changed, resp. the changes cancelled out.
		 */
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		INIParser gui_ini = ini_;
		(void) control_panel_->setIniValuesFromGui(&gui_ini);
		if (ini_ != gui_ini) {
			QMessageBox msgNotSaved;
			msgNotSaved.setWindowTitle("Warning ~ " + QCoreApplication::applicationName());
			msgNotSaved.setText(tr("<b>INI settings will be lost.</b>"));
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			msgNotSaved.setInformativeText(tr(
			    "Some INI keys you have set will be lost if you don't save the current INI file."));
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			msgNotSaved.setDetailedText(ini_.getEqualityCheckMsg());
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			msgNotSaved.setIcon(QMessageBox::Warning);
			msgNotSaved.setStandardButtons(QMessageBox::Save | QMessageBox::Cancel | QMessageBox::Discard);
			msgNotSaved.setDefaultButton(QMessageBox::Cancel);
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			auto *show_msg_again = new QCheckBox(tr("Don't show this warning again"));
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			show_msg_again->setToolTip(tr("The warning can be re-enabled in the settings"));
			show_msg_again->setStyleSheet("QCheckBox {color: " + colors::getQColor("info").name() + "}");
			msgNotSaved.setCheckBox(show_msg_again);
			connect(show_msg_again, &QCheckBox::stateChanged, [](int state) {
				const bool checked = (state == Qt::CheckState::Checked);
				setSetting("user::inireader::warn_unsaved_ini", "value", !checked? "TRUE" : "FALSE");
			});

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			int clicked = msgNotSaved.exec();
			if (clicked == QMessageBox::Cancel)
				return false;
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			if (clicked == QMessageBox::Save)
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				saveIni();
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			delete show_msg_again;
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		}
	} //endif help_loaded
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	ini_.clear();
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	toolbar_save_ini_->setEnabled(false);
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	file_save_ini_->setEnabled(false);
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	ini_filename_->setText(QString());
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	autoload_->setVisible(false);
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	return true;
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}

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/**
 * @brief Reset the GUI to default values.
 * @details This function checks whether there were any changes to the INI values
 * (if yes, the user can save first or discard or cancel), then clears the whole GUI.
 */
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void MainWindow::clearGui(const bool &set_default)
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{
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	const bool perform_close = closeIni();
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	if (!perform_close) //user clicked 'cancel'
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		return;
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	getControlPanel()->clearGui(set_default);
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	ini_filename_->setText(QString());
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	autoload_->setVisible(false);
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}

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/**
 * @brief Store the main window sizes in the settings XML.
 */
void MainWindow::setWindowSizeSettings()
{
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	setSplitterSizeSettings();
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	setSetting("auto::sizes::window_" + QString::number(dim::window_type::PREVIEW),
	    "width", QString::number(preview_->width()));
	setSetting("auto::sizes::window_" + QString::number(dim::window_type::PREVIEW),
	    "height", QString::number(preview_->height()));
	setSetting("auto::sizes::window_" + QString::number(dim::window_type::LOGGER),
	    "width", QString::number(logger_.width()));
	setSetting("auto::sizes::window_" + QString::number(dim::window_type::LOGGER),
	    "height", QString::number(logger_.height()));
	setSetting("auto::sizes::window_" + QString::number(dim::window_type::MAIN_WINDOW),
	    "width", QString::number(this->width()));
	setSetting("auto::sizes::window_" + QString::number(dim::window_type::MAIN_WINDOW),
	    "height", QString::number(this->height()));
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	//remember the toolbar position:
	setSetting("auto::position::toolbar", "position", QString::number(this->toolBarArea(toolbar_)));
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}

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/**
 * @brief Remember the main splitter's space distribution.
 */
void MainWindow::setSplitterSizeSettings()
{
	QList<int> splitter_sizes(control_panel_->getSplitterSizes());
	setSetting("auto::sizes::splitter_workflow", "size", QString::number(splitter_sizes.at(0)));
	setSetting("auto::sizes::splitter_mainpanel", "size", QString::number(splitter_sizes.at(1)));
}

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/**
 * @brief Create a context menu for the toolbar.
 */
void MainWindow::createToolbarContextMenu()
{
	/* allow user to enable toolbar dragging */
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	auto *fix_toolbar_position = new QAction(tr("Fix toolbar position"), this);
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	fix_toolbar_position->setCheckable(true);
	fix_toolbar_position->setChecked(getSetting("user::appearance::fix_toolbar_pos", "value") == "TRUE");
	toolbar_context_menu_.addAction(fix_toolbar_position);
}

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/**
 * @brief Open an XML file containing an application/simulation.
 * @param[in] path Path to the file to open.
 * @param[in] app_name When looking for applications, the application name was parsed and put
 * into a list. This is the app_name so we don't have to parse again.
 * @param[in] fresh If true, reset the GUI before opening a new application.
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 * @param[in] is_settings_dialog Is it the settings that are being loaded?
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 */
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void MainWindow::openXml(const QString &path, const QString &app_name, const bool &fresh,
    const bool &is_settings_dialog)
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{
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	if (fresh) {
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		const bool perform_close = closeIni();
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		if (!perform_close)
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			return;
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		control_panel_->closeSettingsTab();
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		control_panel_->clearGuiElements();
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		help_loaded_ = false;
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	}
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	current_application_ = app_name;
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	if (QFile::exists(path)) {
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		setStatus(tr("Reading application XML..."), "info", true);
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		refreshStatus();
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		XMLReader xml;
		QString xml_error = QString();
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		QString autoload_ini( xml.read(path, xml_error) );
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		if (!xml_error.isNull()) {
			xml_error.chop(1); //trailing \n
			Error(tr("Errors occured when parsing the XML configuration file"),
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			    tr("File: \"") + QDir::toNativeSeparators(path) + "\"", xml_error);
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		}
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		setStatus("Building GUI...", "info", true);
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		buildGui(xml.getXml());
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		setStatus("Ready.", "info", false);
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		control_panel_->getWorkflowPanel()->buildWorkflowPanel(xml.getXml());
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		if (!autoload_ini.isEmpty()) {
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			if (QFile::exists(autoload_ini))
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				openIni(autoload_ini);
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			else
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				log(QString("Can not load INI file \"%1\" automatically because it does not exist.").arg(
				    QDir::toNativeSeparators(autoload_ini)), "error");
		}
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	} else {
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		topLog(tr("An application or simulation file that has previously been found is now missing. Right-click the list to refresh."),
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		     "error");
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		setStatus(tr("File has been removed"), "error");
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		return;
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	}
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	toolbar_clear_gui_->setEnabled(true);
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	gui_reset_->setEnabled(true);
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	gui_clear_->setEnabled(true);
	if (is_settings_dialog) //no real XML - don't enable XML options
		return;
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	toolbar_save_ini_as_->setEnabled(true);
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	file_save_ini_as_->setEnabled(true);
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	//run through all INIs that were saved to be autoloaded and check if it's the application we are opening:
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	for (auto ini_node = global_xml_settings.firstChildElement().firstChildElement("user").firstChildElement(
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	    "autoload").firstChildElement("ini");
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	    !ini_node.isNull(); ini_node = ini_node.nextSiblingElement("ini")) {
		if (ini_node.attribute("application").toLower() == app_name.toLower()) {
			autoload_box_->blockSignals(true); //don't re-save the setting we just fetched
			autoload_box_->setCheckState(Qt::Checked);
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			autoload_box_->setText(tr("autoload this INI for ") + current_application_);
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			autoload_box_->blockSignals(false);
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			openIni(ini_node.text(), true); //TODO: delete if non-existent
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			break;
		}
	}
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	toolbar_open_ini_->setEnabled(true); //toolbar entry
	file_open_ini_->setEnabled(true); //menu entry
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	auto *file_view = getControlPanel()->getWorkflowPanel()->getFilesystemView();
	file_view->setEnabled(true);
	auto *path_label = file_view->getInfoLabel();
	path_label->setText(file_view->getInfoLabel()->property("path").toString());
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	path_label->setWordWrap(true);
	path_label->setStyleSheet("QLabel {font-style: italic}");
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	QApplication::alert( this ); //notify the user that the task is finished
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}

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/**
 * @brief Find the panels that control a certain key/value pair.
 * @details This function includes panels that could be created by dynamic panels (Selector etc.).
 * @param[in] parent The parent panel or window to search, since usually we have some information
 * about where to find it. This function is used when iterating through INIParser elements
 * to load the GUI with values.
 * @param[in] section The section to find.
 * @param[in] keyval The key/value pair to find.
 * @return A list of all panels controlling the key/value pair.
 */
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QWidgetList MainWindow::findPanel(QWidget *parent, const Section &section, const KeyValue &keyval)
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{
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	QWidgetList panels;
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	//first, check if there is a panel for it loaded and available:
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	panels = findSimplePanel(parent, section, keyval);
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	int panel_count = parent->findChildren<Atomic *>().count();
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	//if not found, check if one of our Replicators can create it:
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	if (panels.isEmpty())
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		panels = prepareReplicator(parent, section, keyval);
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	//if still not found, check if one of our Selectors can create it:
	if (panels.isEmpty())
		panels = prepareSelector(parent, section, keyval);
	//TODO: For the current MeteoIO XML the order is important here so that a TIME filter
	//does not show up twice (because both the normal and time filter's panel fit the pattern).
	//Cleaning up here would also increase performance.
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	if (parent->findChildren<Atomic *>().count() != panel_count) //new elements were created
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		return findPanel(parent, section, keyval); //recursion through Replicators that create Selectors that...
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	return panels; //no more suitable dynamic panels found
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}

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/**
 * @brief Find the panels that control a certain key/value pair.
 * @details This function does not include dynamic panels (Selector etc.) and searches only
 * what has already been created.
 * @param[in] parent The parent panel or window to search, because usually we have some information.
 * @param[in] section Section to find.
 * @param[in] keyval Key-value pair to find.
 * @return A list of all panels controlling the key/value pair.
 */
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QWidgetList MainWindow::findSimplePanel(QWidget *parent, const Section &section, const KeyValue &keyval)
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{
	QString id(section.getName() + Cst::sep + keyval.getKey());
	/* simple, not nested, keys */
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	return parent->findChildren<QWidget *>(Atomic::getQtKey(id));
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}

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/**
 * @brief Find a Selector in our GUI that could handle a given INI key.
 * @details This function looks for Selectors handling keys like "%::COPY". If one is found,
 * it requests the Selector to create a new panel for the key which will then be available
 * to the parent function that is currently looking for a suitable panel for the INI key.
 * @param[in] parent The parent panel or window to search.
 * @param[in] section Section to find.
 * @param[in] keyval Key/value pair to find.
 * @return A list of panels for the INI key including the possibly newly created ones.
 */
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QWidgetList MainWindow::prepareSelector(QWidget *parent, const Section &section, const KeyValue &keyval)
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{
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	QString id(section.getName() + Cst::sep + keyval.getKey());
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	//INI key as it would be given in the file, i. e. with the parameters in place instead of the Selector's %:
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	const QString regex_selector("^" + section.getName() + Cst::sep + R"(([\w\.]+)()" + Cst::sep + R"()(\w+?)([0-9]*$))");
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	const QRegularExpression rex(regex_selector);
	const QRegularExpressionMatch matches = rex.match(id);

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	if (matches.captured(0) == id) { //it could be from a selector with template children
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		static const size_t idx_parameter = 1;
		static const size_t idx_keyname = 3;
		static const size_t idx_optional_number = 4;
		const QString parameter(matches.captured(idx_parameter));
		const QString key_name(matches.captured(idx_keyname));
		const QString number(matches.captured(idx_optional_number));
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		//this would be the ID given in an XML, i. e. with a "%" staing for a parameter:
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		const QString gui_id = section.getName() + Cst::sep + "%" + Cst::sep + key_name + (number.isEmpty()? "" : "#");
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		//try to find Selector:
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		QList<Selector *> selector_list = parent->findChildren<Selector *>(Atomic::getQtKey(gui_id));
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		for (int ii = 0; ii < selector_list.size(); ++ii)
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			selector_list.at(ii)->setProperty("ini_value", parameter); //cf. notes in prepareReplicator
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		//now all the right child widgets should exist and we can try to find again:
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		const QString key_id = section.getName() + Cst::sep + keyval.getKey(); //the one we were originally looking for
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		return parent->findChildren<QWidget *>(Atomic::getQtKey(key_id));
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	}
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	return QWidgetList();
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}

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/**
 * @brief Find a Replicator in our GUI that could handle a given INI key.
 * @details This function looks for Replicators handling keys like "STATION#". If one is found,
 * it requests the Replicator to create a new panel for the key which will then be available
 * to the parent function that is currently looking for a suitable panel for the INI key.
 * @param[in] parent The parent panel or window to search.
 * @param[in] section Section to find.
 * @param[in] keyval Key/value pair to find.
 * @return A list of panels for the INI key including the possibly newly created ones.
 */
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QWidgetList MainWindow::prepareReplicator(QWidget *parent, const Section &section, const KeyValue &keyval)
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{
	QString id(section.getName() + Cst::sep + keyval.getKey());
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	//the key how it would look in an INI file:
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	const QString regex_selector("^" + section.getName() + Cst::sep +
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	    R"(([\w\.]+)" + Cst::sep + R"()*(\w*?)(?=\d)(\d*)$)");
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	const QRegularExpression rex(regex_selector);
	const QRegularExpressionMatch matches = rex.match(id);

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	if (matches.captured(0) == id) { //it's from a replicator with template children
		/*
		 * If we arrive here, we try to find the panel for an INI key that could belong
		 * to the child of a Replicator, e. g. "INPUT::STATION1" or "FILTERS::TA::FILTER1".
		 * We extract the name the Replicator would have (number to "#") and try finding it.
		 */
		static const size_t idx_parameter = 1;
		static const size_t idx_key = 2;
		static const size_t idx_number = 3;
		QString parameter(matches.captured(idx_parameter)); //has trailing "::" if existent
		const QString key(matches.captured(idx_key));
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		const QString number(matches.captured(idx_number));
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		//the key how it would look in an XML:
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		QString gui_id = section.getName() + Cst::sep + parameter + key + "#"; //Replicator's name

		/*
		 * A replicator can't normally be accessed via INI keys, because there is no
		 * standalone XML code for it. It always occurs together with child panels,
		 * and those are the ones that will be sought by the INI parser to set values.
		 * Therefore we can use the "ini_value" property listener for a Replicator to
		 * tell it to replicate its panel, thus creating the necessary child panels.
		 */
		QList<Replicator *> replicator_list = parent-> //try to find replicator:
		    findChildren<Replicator *>(Atomic::getQtKey(gui_id));
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		for (int ii = 0; ii < replicator_list.count(); ++ii)
			replicator_list.at(ii)->setProperty("ini_value", number);
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		//now all the right child panels should exist and we can try to find again:
		const QString key_id(section.getName() + Cst::sep + keyval.getKey()); //the one we were originally looking for
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		return parent->findChildren<QWidget *>(Atomic::getQtKey(key_id));
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	} //endif has match
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	return QWidgetList(); //no suitable Replicator found
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}

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/**
 * @brief Build the main window's menu items.
 */
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void MainWindow::createMenu()
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{
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	/* File menu */
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	QMenu *menu_file = this->menuBar()->addMenu(tr("&File"));
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	file_open_ini_ = new QAction(getIcon("document-open"), tr("&Open INI file..."), menu_file);
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	menu_file->addAction(file_open_ini_); //note that this does not take ownership
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	connect(file_open_ini_, &QAction::triggered, this, [=]{ toolbarClick("open_ini"); });
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	file_open_ini_->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Open);
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	//file_open_ini_->setMenuRole(QAction::ApplicationSpecificRole);
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	file_save_ini_ = new QAction(getIcon("document-save"), tr("&Save INI file"), menu_file);
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	file_save_ini_->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Save);
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	//file_save_ini_->setMenuRole(QAction::ApplicationSpecificRole);
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	menu_file->addAction(file_save_ini_);
	file_save_ini_->setEnabled(false); //enable after an INI is opened
	connect(file_save_ini_, &QAction::triggered, this, [=]{ toolbarClick("save_ini"); });
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	file_save_ini_as_ = new QAction(getIcon("document-save-as"), tr("Save INI file &as..."), menu_file);
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	file_save_ini_as_->setShortcut(QKeySequence::SaveAs);
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	//file_save_ini_as_->setMenuRole(QAction::ApplicationSpecificRole);
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	menu_file->addAction(file_save_ini_as_);
	file_save_ini_as_->setEnabled(false);
	connect(file_save_ini_as_, &QAction::triggered, this, [=]{ toolbarClick("save_ini_as"); });
	menu_file->addSeparator();
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	auto *file_quit_ = new QAction(getIcon("application-exit"), tr("&Exit"), menu_file);
	file_quit_->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Quit);
	file_quit_->setMenuRole(QAction::QuitRole);
	menu_file->addAction(file_quit_);
	connect(file_quit_, &QAction::triggered, this, &MainWindow::quitProgram);
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	/* GUI menu */
	QMenu *menu_gui = this->menuBar()->addMenu(tr("&GUI"));
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	gui_reset_ = new QAction(getIcon("document-revert"), tr("&Reset GUI to default values"), menu_gui);
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	menu_gui->addAction(gui_reset_);
	gui_reset_->setEnabled(false);
	gui_reset_->setShortcut(Qt::CTRL + Qt::Key_Backspace);
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	//gui_reset_->setMenuRole(QAction::ApplicationSpecificRole);
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	connect(gui_reset_, &QAction::triggered, this, [=]{ toolbarClick("reset_gui"); });
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	gui_clear_ = new QAction(getIcon("edit-delete"), tr("&Clear GUI"), menu_gui);
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	menu_gui->addAction(gui_clear_);
	gui_clear_->setEnabled(false);
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	gui_clear_->setShortcut(Qt::CTRL + Qt::SHIFT + Qt::Key_Backspace);
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	//gui_clear_->setMenuRole(QAction::ApplicationSpecificRole);
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	connect(gui_clear_, &QAction::triggered, this, [=]{ toolbarClick("clear_gui"); });
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	menu_gui->addSeparator();
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	gui_close_all_ = new QAction(getIcon("window-close"), tr("Close all content"), menu_gui);
	menu_gui->addAction(gui_close_all_);
	connect(gui_close_all_, &QAction::triggered, this, &MainWindow::resetGui);
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	//gui_close_all_->setMenuRole(QAction::ApplicationSpecificRole);
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	/* View menu */
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	QMenu *menu_view = this->menuBar()->addMenu(tr("&View"));
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	auto *view_preview = new QAction(getIcon("document-print-preview"), tr("P&review"), menu_view);
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	menu_view->addAction(view_preview);
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	view_preview->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Print);
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	//view_preview->setMenuRole(QAction::ApplicationSpecificRole);
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	connect(view_preview, &QAction::triggered, this, &MainWindow::viewPreview);
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	auto *view_log = new QAction(getIcon("utilities-system-monitor"), tr("&Log"), menu_view);
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	menu_view->addAction(view_log);
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	connect(view_log, &QAction::triggered, this, &MainWindow::viewLogger);
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	view_log->setShortcut(Qt::CTRL + Qt::Key_L);
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	//view_log->setMenuRole(QAction::ApplicationSpecificRole);
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	auto *view_refresh = new QAction(tr("&Refresh Applications"), menu_view);
	menu_view->addAction(view_refresh);
	connect(view_refresh, &QAction::triggered, this,
	    [=]{ control_panel_->getWorkflowPanel()->scanFoldersForApps(); });
	view_refresh->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Refresh);

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	menu_view->addSeparator();
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	auto *view_settings = new QAction(getIcon("preferences-system"), tr("&Settings"), menu_view);
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	view_settings->setMenuRole(QAction::PreferencesRole);
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	menu_view->addAction(view_settings);
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	connect(view_settings, &QAction::triggered, this, &MainWindow::viewSettings);
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	view_close_settings_ = new QAction(tr("Close settings"), menu_view);
	view_close_settings_->setEnabled(false);
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	//view_close_settings_->setMenuRole(QAction::ApplicationSpecificRole);
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	menu_view->addAction(view_close_settings_);
	connect(view_close_settings_, &QAction::triggered, this, &MainWindow::closeSettings);
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#if defined Q_OS_MAC //only Mac has this as of now: https://doc.qt.io/archives/qt-4.8/qkeysequence.html
//equivalent at runtime: if (QKeySequence(QKeySequence::Preferences).toString(QKeySequence::NativeText).isEmpty())
	view_settings->setShortcut(QKeySequence::Preferences);
	view_close_settings_->setShortcut(QKeySequence(
	    "Shift+" + QKeySequence(QKeySequence::Preferences).toString(QKeySequence::NativeText)));
#else
	view_settings->setShortcut(Qt::Key_F3);
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	view_close_settings_->setShortcut(Qt::SHIFT + Qt::Key_F3);
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#endif
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	/* Window menu */
	QMenu *menu_window = this->menuBar()->addMenu(tr("&Window"));
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	auto *window_show_workflow = new QAction(tr("Show wor&kflow"), menu_window);
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	menu_window->addAction(window_show_workflow);
	connect(window_show_workflow, &QAction::triggered, this, &MainWindow::showWorkflow);
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	window_show_workflow->setShortcut(Qt::CTRL + Qt::Key_K);
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	//window_show_workflow->setMenuRole(QAction::ApplicationSpecificRole);
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	auto *window_hide_workflow = new QAction(tr("&Hide workflow"), menu_window);
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	menu_window->addAction(window_hide_workflow);
	connect(window_hide_workflow, &QAction::triggered, this, &MainWindow::hideWorkflow);
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	window_hide_workflow->setShortcut(Qt::CTRL + Qt::Key_H);
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	//window_hide_workflow->setMenuRole(QAction::ApplicationSpecificRole);
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#ifdef DEBUG
	/* Debug menu */
	QMenu *menu_debug = this->menuBar()->addMenu("&Debug");
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	auto *debug_run = new QAction("&Run action", menu_debug); //to run arbitrary code with a click
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	menu_debug->addAction(debug_run);
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	connect(debug_run, &QAction::triggered, this, &MainWindow::z_onDebugRunClick);
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#endif //def DEBUG

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	/* Help menu */
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	auto *menu_help_main = new QMenuBar(this->menuBar());
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	QMenu *menu_help = menu_help_main->addMenu(tr("&Help"));
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	auto *help = new QAction(getIcon("help-contents"), tr("&Help"), menu_help_main);
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	help->setShortcut(QKeySequence::HelpContents);
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	help->setMenuRole(QAction::ApplicationSpecificRole);
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	menu_help->addAction(help);
	connect(help, &QAction::triggered, this, &MainWindow::loadHelp);
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	auto *help_about = new QAction(getIcon("help-about"), tr("&About"), menu_help_main);
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